Your Perfect Essay is Just a Click Away

Starting at $8.00 per Page

100% Original, Plagiarism Free, Customized to Your instructions!

Order Now My Account

China opens special economic zones(SEZs) in Africa? new variety of globalisation


a. Globalisation. West centric ? Daniel Held View

b. Missed, sth negeleted needs to be added (LITERATUARE)

Is China Model, transferring its experiences (BRI?Chinese model Opening-up and reform in 1990s?Conficius institute)

c. Emperical study: China’s SEZ in Africa

d. Conclusion: compare state, private company project

Recommened materials:

Journal: Bandung

Journal: Development and chang

Google one report: World Bank report in Special Economic zones

Googel a journal from UK: Debt justice China

1. Introduction

1.1 Research Background: In the context of the Belt and Road Initiative, the Chinese government has taken an important initiative to fulfil the goal of community with a shared future for mankind, and one of the key manifestations of this initiative is the development of international industrial parks, which is characterised by assisting enterprises to “go global”. This study is based on the “Belt and Road” initiative and the development of international industrial parks.

This research is presented in the context of two major projects: the Belt and Road

Initiative and international industrial parks. In 2013, President Xi Jinping gave an important speech in Nazarbayev, Kazakhstan, entitled “Carrying forward the people’s friendship to create a better future”, in which he put forward the important idea of building the “New Silk Road Economic Belt” and the “21st Century Maritime Silk Road”.

1.2 Research Significance?

In the early days of reform and opening up, special economic zones were a successful tool for initiating outward foreign direct investment flows to China. By analysing the successful model of transnational governance of China’s special economic zones in Africa, we can provide lessons for developing countries, such as Africa, to successfully achieve economic development.

2. Literature review and theoretical framework

3. Introduction to the types of Chinese special economic zones in Africa

3.1 Functional classification

Industrial manufacturing co-operation zones, agricultural trade and economic co-operation zones, and trade and logistics co-operation zones.

Categorised by the attributes of the investors’ shareholders, the zones are predominantly invested in by state-owned companies, while private companies have invested in the construction and development of the zones (e.g., the Oriental Industrial Park in Ethiopia and the Liaoshen Industrial Zone in Uganda).

3.2 Motivation for investment: resource-orientation or market development

3.2.1 Market behaviour is more than resource-driven. Resource orientation has tended to favour access to resources at low market costs, neocolonialism and even the rhetoric of the “African debt trap”. But the markets are characterised by a relatively high stage of development (Mauritius, Egypt, Algeria) or strong economic growth (Nigeria, Ethiopia, Zambia). In Nigeria (oil) and Zambia (copper), the search for resources remains an important motivation for Chinese FDI, but factories for the production of consumer goods (e.g. household appliances, textiles) and investment goods (machinery, construction materials) have only recently emerged.

3.2.2 Geopolitical factors are also likely to be important drivers of economic statecraft decisions.

With the exception of Mauritius and Zambia, all SEZs are located in countries with large populations and high regional political importance. Good economic and political relations with these countries have the potential to support China’s long-term strategic ambitions throughout Africa.

3.2.3 Institutional factors. China has not established SEZ’s in South Africa. One possible explanation is that the institutional environment in South Africa is sufficiently reliable that South Africa is less supportive of SEZ enclaves.

4. Establishment of special economic zones reflects power asymmetry


Degree of national governance: South African politicians and trade unions are concerned that the establishment of Chinese special economic zones may lead to low labour standards and the displacement of South African domestic firms (van der Westhuizen and Grimm, 2013). This concern also exists in other African countries, where local actors may not have sufficient bargaining power to negotiate the terms of FDI.

4.2 The level of corruption in local government: (Global Government Integrity Index can be cited), combined with the number of Special Economic Zones set up by China in Africa, whether there is a positive correlation. Possibly reflecting a neo-colonial flavour.

"We offer the best custom paper writing services. We have done this question before we can also do it for you."

  • 100% non-plagiarized Papers
  • 24/7 /365 Service Available
  • Affordable Prices
  • Any Paper, Urgency, and Subject
  • Will complete your papers in 6 hours
  • On-time Delivery
  • Money-back and Privacy guarantees
  • Unlimited Amendments upon request
  • Satisfaction guarantee

Our Service Charter

1. Professional & Expert Writers: Experts Essays only hires the best. Our writers are specially selected and recruited, after which they undergo further training to perfect their skills for specialization purposes. Moreover, our writers are holders of masters and Ph.D. degrees. They have impressive academic records, besides being native English speakers.

2. Top Quality Papers: Our customers are always guaranteed of papers that exceed their expectations. All our writers have +5 years of experience. This implies that all papers are written by individuals who are experts in their fields. In addition, the quality team reviews all the papers before sending them to the customers.

3. Plagiarism-Free Papers: All papers provided by Experts Essays are written from scratch. Appropriate referencing and citation of key information are followed. Plagiarism checkers are used by the Quality assurance team and our editors just to double-check that there are no instances of plagiarism.

4. Timely Delivery: Time wasted is equivalent to a failed dedication and commitment. Experts Essays are known for the timely delivery of any pending customer orders. Customers are well informed of the progress of their papers to ensure they keep track of what the writer is providing before the final draft is sent for grading.

5. Affordable Prices: Our prices are fairly structured to fit in all groups. Any customer willing to place their assignments with us can do so at very affordable prices. In addition, our customers enjoy regular discounts and bonuses.

6. 24/7 Customer Support: At Experts Essays, we have put in place a team of experts who answer all customer inquiries promptly. The best part is the ever-availability of the team. Customers can make inquiries anytime.

Open chat
Scan the code
We guarantee high quality work that's 100% original on time. GET STARTED